Electrical bioimpedance spectroscopy as a non-invasive monitoring tool of physiological states of macroalgae tissues: example on the impact of electroporation on 8 different seaweed species

Electrical bioimpedance spectroscopy as a non-invasive monitoring tool of physiological states of macroalgae tissues: example on the impact of electroporation on 8 different seaweed species

In this study, we evaluated Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) as a monitoring tool of the physiological state of Bryopsis, Cystoseira, Stypopodium, Cladophora, Taonia, Padina, Ulva and Sargassum tissues. We analyzed the electrical response differences in the EIS between species and in the same seaweed tissue before and after electroporation. Electroporation using high voltage pulsed electric field (PEF) treatment was used as a model for cell disruption affecting the tissue physiology without being noticeable to the naked-eye. Significant differences in all the seaweeds were observed before and after electroporation. We found that seaweed species with smaller and rounder cells have a clearer dispersion profile (around a frequency of 10–100 kHz) compared to the dispersion profile of seaweed with larger cells with unround form. Those results suggest that EIS could be used as a fast non-invasive monitoring technique of the changes in the physiology of seaweeds.

 

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